what is dividend


Post-tax profits in a business belong to the shareholders and a company can broadly do two things with these profits- retain them for investments in the business, or return them to the shareholders.

if a company chose to return money to all shareholders in an equal proposition, it is said to have “declared a dividend”. in practice, companies distribute part of the profits and retain part of the profits in the business.

the proportion of distribution and retention of profits will depend upon the opportunities available for plowing back the profits into the business, the nature of management, the expectations of shareholders, and ultimately the availability of cash in the business to distribute to the shareholders.


Dividend income is a form of passive income that investors earn from owning stocks or other investments that pay dividends. Dividends are typically paid out by companies to their shareholders as a portion of their profits. Dividend income can provide investors with a steady stream of income and can be particularly attractive to those who are looking for a source of income in retirement or those who want to generate income without actively working.

Dividend income can be reinvested to compound returns, used to supplement other income streams, or used to fund expenses. It’s important to note that dividend income is not guaranteed and can be affected by factors such as changes in the company’s financials, economic conditions, and overall market performance.


  1. Invest in dividend-paying stocks: The most obvious way to increase your dividend income is to invest in stocks that pay dividends. Look for companies that have a history of paying consistent and growing dividends over time.
  2. Reinvest your dividends: Many companies offer a dividend reinvestment plan (DRIP) that allows you to automatically reinvest your dividends into additional shares of the company’s stock. This can help increase your dividend income over time.
  3. Diversify your portfolio: Don’t put all your eggs in one basket. Diversify your portfolio by investing in a mix of dividend-paying stocks across different industries.
  4. Consider high-yield dividend stocks: High-yield dividend stocks may offer a higher payout, but they also come with higher risk. Make sure you do your due diligence and understand the company’s financials and growth prospects before investing.
  5. Use a dividend-focused mutual fund or ETF: Investing in a mutual fund or ETF that focuses on dividend-paying stocks can provide diversification and potentially higher returns than individual stock picking.
  6. Monitor your investments: Keep track of your dividend income and periodically review your portfolio to ensure you are investing in companies with solid financials and a history of consistent dividend payments.


In conclusion, dividend income can be a valuable source of passive income for investors. By investing in dividend-paying stocks, investors can receive a portion of the company’s profits in the form of regular dividend payments.

Reinvesting dividends or using them to supplement other income streams can help increase overall returns and provide a steady stream of income over time. However, it’s important to carefully research and monitor investments to ensure the underlying companies have solid financials and a history of consistent dividend payments. Despite the potential benefits, dividend income is not guaranteed and can be impacted by various factors beyond an investor’s control, such as changes in the company’s financials or overall market performance.

43 thoughts on “What dividend means? Examples? Is dividend a profit?”
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